Palestinian workers wait for the gate to open between the illegal settlement of Modiin Illit and Harbeta after a day of work in Israel. Tens of thousands of Palestinians work inside Israel (AFP)
Israeli police announced on Tuesday the arrest of at least 468 Palestinians working illegally inside Israel since the launch on Saturday of a "deep-clean" operation before the Jewish Passover holiday.
According to a statement, 2,300 officers and "volunteers", assisted by the air force, had raided dozens of locations in Israel. In addition to undocumented workers, 32 individuals were held for employing Palestinians without permits or transporting them illegally into Israel.
Micky Rosenfeld, an Israeli police spokesman, told Middle East Eye that the operation against illegal workers was the biggest for "several months".
"These operations will continue as long as necessary in different areas, as part of security in order to prevent incidents from taking place," he said.
The police operation, called "Removing Chametz", refers to the religious custom of removing all traces of leavening products such as yeast from one's home before Passover, either by cleaning all surfaces, burning leavened products, or giving them to non-Jews.
Adalah, an NGO dedicated to Palestinian legal rights inside Israel, denounced the operation and the troubling connotations of its name.
"Israeli police's terminology towards people, like food that must be cleaned and removed, attests to the racist character of the police activity," the organisation said in a statement on Tuesday afternoon. "Indeed, this is an ethnic cleansing."
Israeli forces typically increase security measures before and during Jewish holidays, such as increased security in annexed East Jerusalem and closures in the occupied Palestinian territories, forbidding Palestinians with permits from entering Israel except in cases of emergency – a measure that affects tens of thousands of Palestinians working in Israel.
According to official Palestinian news agency Wafa, Israeli forces will enforce an eight-day closure on the West Bank and Gaza starting Thursday, a day before the beginning of Passover.
Adalah rejected on Tuesday the conflation by Israeli forces between undocumented workers and security, arguing that those who were detained did not constitute a threat to Israelis.
"These Palestinians do not have any intention to harm anyone, yet police treats them like criminals who must be arrested, for no fault of their own," the NGO stated.
The Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), the Israeli army agency responsible in the occupied Palestinian territory, reported in 2017 that 70,000 Palestinians with permits cross daily into Israel to work.
The Israeli army chief of staff, Gadi Eisenkot, estimated in 2016 that 50,000 Palestinians also work in Israel illegally.
High unemployment rates and low wages in the occupied West Bank push many Palestinians to seek employment in Israel and illegal settlements, mainly in construction or other blue-collar jobs.
Israeli police regularly carry out raids targeting undocumented workers, as well as the Israelis or Palestinian citizens of Israel suspected of employing them and housing them. In July, Palestinian outlet Ma'an news agency reported that 98 Palestinians were detained during a similar operation targeting undocumented workers.