Poundland owner Steinhoff International has seen its shares fall 60% after it said it would launch a probe into accounting irregularities.
It came as chief executive Markus Jooste resigned and the South African group postponed its full-year results.
Its South African shares hit a seven-year low of 17.56 rand (97p) on the Johannesburg securities exchange.
Shares in the firm, which owns 40 local brands in more than 30 countries, later recovered to 22 rand, still down 52%.
As well as furniture and homeware, it also sells products including clothing, footwear and consumer goods.
Its brands include Bensons for Beds and Harveys in the UK, Conforama in Europe, Pep and Ackermans in South Africa and Snooze in Australia. Steinhoff derives about 60% of its earnings in Europe and 34% in Africa.
Last year the firm lost out in a battle with Sainsbury's to take over Argos owner Home Retail Group.
Who are Steinhoff International?
- Headquartered in South Africa from German origins
- Founded in 1964 by Bruno Steinhoff
- 6,500 retail outlets in 30 countries
- 22 manufacturing facilities
- 40 retail brands, including Bensons for Beds and Harveys in the UK, Conforama in Europe, Pep, Ackermans and Hardware Warehouse in South Africa and Snooze in Australia
- Also has property and automotive assets
Mr Jooste had been in charge for close to two decades and oversaw Steinhoff's expansion from a furniture manufacturer in South Africa to one of the biggest global household goods retailers.
The company said late on Tuesday that he had resigned with immediate effect, after the discovery of new information prompted the firm to ask PwC to perform an "independent investigation".
"The supervisory board of Steinhoff wishes to advise shareholders that new information has come to light today which relates to accounting irregularities requiring further investigation," the group said in a statement.
Steinhoff's largest shareholder and chairman, billionaire Christo Wiese, will take over in an executive capacity on an interim basis.
The group has been under investigation for suspected accounting irregularities by the state prosecutor in Oldenburg in Germany since 2015.
It is not clear if these are the accounting irregularities the company was referring to in its statement.